Routing and URLs
Routing definies which requests are delegated to which controller based on the URL they are sent to. Therefore routing is an essential part in each MVC web application.
Beside the pure technical aspect, (which controller is called) there are several other manners like URL structure and hierarchy, SEO and multi domain sites that need to be considered in combination with routing.
Knowing how routing works in Pimcore is essential to understand how an application can be implemented and how they actually work. Technically the entire routing process is based on the ZF routing. For details please have a look at the ZF documentation.
Routing in Pimcore
In Pimcore, there are several ways how controllers can be reached. These routes are processed in a specific priority order as described below.
1. System Routes:
Pimcore has a few system routes (coded routes) that are required for Pimcore base functionality. The list below lists all of them, but only the following few are relevant on a daily basis:
Route for Pimcore Plugins -
This route is relevant when implementing plugins with their own controllers. By default these controllers are reachable
with this route whereas
:module is the plugin name. For more details on plugin development see the
plugin documentation section.
Route for Pimcore Web Services -
This route is relevant when using Pimcore web services. For details see the web services documentation section.
List of all System Routes:
The following routes are hardcoded and therefore reserved for the system, this means that they are not available for you to be used in your custom routes, redirects or document structure.
/install/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore installer
/plugin/:module/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore plugins
/admin/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore admin backend interface
/admin/update/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore live updater
/admin/extensionmanager/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore extension manager
/admin/reports/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore backend reports
/admin/search/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore backend search
/webservice/:controller/:action/*- Route for Pimcore web services
2. Redirects with Priority 99:
Redirects with priority 99 come second in the processing priority. See Redirects for details.
3. Pimcore Documents and Pretty URLs:
The path of Pimcore Documents also defines its public URL. In addition to the path, so called pretty URLs can be defined for individual documents. The Document path and pretty URLs come third in the processing priority. See Documents and Pretty URLs for details.
4. Static Routes / Custom Routes:
When your application has functionality where there is no Pimcore Document necessary (e.g. product lists, detail pages, cart pages or checkout process, ...), Custom Routes allow the definition of URL patterns that are delegated to specific controllers. Custom Routes come fourth in the processing priority. See Custom Routes for details.
All Redirects with priority lower than 99 come fifth in the processing priority. See Redirects for details.
Multi domain sites
The routing process also supports multi domain sites. See Working with Sites for more details on that.